In the last couple of years, sexual harassment and sexual assault have fallen off the radar on campus, though many individuals are making an effort to restore these issues to prominence. Between 2006 and 2008, the number of sexual offenses on campus has decreased significantly. A total of nine sexual assault incidents and three of sexual harassment were reported during the 2006-07 school year, followed by only one case in 2008, according to Lawrence’s safety and security statistics. Regardless of the decrease in the statistics, these issues remain relevant at Lawrence and still arise in the form of inappropriate jokes and isolated incidents of sexually related misconduct. Nancy Wall, administrative coordinator for Lawrence’s sexual harassment and Assault Resource Board and associate dean of the faculty, said, “I worry. I worry that students don’t really recognize what actually constitutes sexual harassment, and in many cases sexual assault, and it follows from that that I worry that there may be more of this going on on campus than staff, faculty and even students are aware of.” “Sexual harassment” and “sexual assault” are terms often discussed by students and SHARB provides resources to students that help define them. “Sexual harassment” is broadly defined as “including unwelcome sexual advances, requests for sexual favors, sexually motivated physical contact or other verbal or physical conduct or communication of a sexual nature when … that conduct or communication has the purpose or effect of substantially interfering with an individual’s employment or education, or of creating an intimidating, hostile or offensive employment or educational environment.” According to SHARB’s informational brochure, Wisconsin defines “sexual assault” as “sexual contact or sexual intercourse without the consent of the other person.” In order to be prosecuted for sexual assault, one party must express clear unwillingness to participate in direct sexual contact, or must be physically unable to do so. This fall, an incident of sexually related misconduct arose when rumors of the “Spank Tank” in the Delta Tau Delta fraternity house resurfaced and were confirmed by multiple sources. The “Spank Tank” was purportedly a room where men could bring drunk women and take advantage of them. A member of the paint crew who prepared the house for general housing this year confirmed the existence of this room. The room’s contents included “a mattress, a dresser, a lollipop and a condom wrapper,” with “Spank Tank” painted on the wall, said the student. However, Bobby Metcalf, the current president of the Delta Tau Delta fraternity, denied the allegation about the room, saying, “[It] wasn’t there [in that condition] when I left” campus last year. Many people do not realize that even innocuous statements delivered in jest can constitute sexual harassment. Simple jokes can lead directly into a widespread tolerance of such behavior, which in turn creates the atmosphere within which unfortunate incidents of sexual harassment or assault can occur. “This sort of thing is a manifestation of a culture of flippancy,” said Alex Macartney, president of Phi Kappa Tau. His statement was echoed by several students, all of whom expressed the opinion that while blatant assault or harassment is rare on campus, incidences of what could constitute verbal harassment are often laughed off. The past few years have witnessed other incidents of sexual harassment and misconduct targeting different groups on campus. Three years ago, the Gay, Lesbian, Other, or Whatever house was plastered with signs comparing homosexual intercourse with bestiality and dendrophilia during the Wisconsin campaign to ban gay marriage. This incident backed up a point made by Madeline Herdeman, president of the Downer Feminist Council. “Harassment and assault can be perpetrated by anyone, and anyone can be a target,” she said. “Men are not always assailants, women are not always victims.” In the 2007-08 school year, there was an illicit poster campaign around the Sigma Phi Epsilon fraternity’s “P+H” party, in which the posters depicted battered women and stereotypes, with slogans made to look as if the Sig-Ep fraternity endorsed them. The fraternity was not allowed to use the name “Pimps and Hoes” for several years prior to the posting. Last year, the party was the “Peace and Harmony” party, and Sig Ep President Ben Levine said, “This year, we are thinking about going away from [P+H] entirely.” Student organizations such as V-Day, Downer Feminist Council and GLOW are working to promote awareness and prevention of sexual harassment and assault. Several fraternities have participated in “Walk a Mile in Her Shoes,” a fundraiser to raise awareness of sexual assault, during spring term the last few years. Levine said, “We [Sig Ep] have been very proud to win awards as the group with most participation in this event.” Additionally, Associate Dean of Students for Campus Life Amy Uecke, a member of SHARB, said, “We try to do something during Welcome Week every year” to work as proactive agents of prevention and awareness. She also stressed that students who feel that they have been the victim of an assault or harassment should come to the board for help. “Anyone [staff, student or faculty] can contact SHARB, and remain completely confidential,” she said, adding that SHARB “provides options” to these students for further redress. Formal complaints can be submitted through SHARB, which then go to an independent attorney for review and recommendation. “SHARB is a resource to provide help,” Uecke said, emphasizing SHARB does not dole out punishments. She stressed the importance of alertness to the issue, and concluded by stating, “We can’t force students to come to our events. At some point, students have to increase their own awareness and response to respect both boundaries, and other students.